Uncontrolled diabetes can put you at risk for many diseases. High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, which can impair their function. This serious complication of diabetes that affects the kidneys’ ability to remove waste products and extra fluid from the body is called diabetic nephropathy and, if not treated in time, can lead to kidney failure. Kidneys are one of the most important organs of the human body responsible for maintaining balance in the body by removing toxins and waste from the blood. In recent years, the incidence of kidney disease is increasing all over the world. (Also Read: Diabetes: Delicious And Healthy Winter Desserts To Control Blood Sugar Levels)
It is estimated that the prevalence of renal disease in the Asia-Pacific region is likely to increase by 0.7 to 3% by 2026. In India, the prevalence of renal disease (all stages combined) in adults is 17.2%. Kidney disease can further put a person at risk for heart attacks, hospitalizations, and death.
“Among the leading causes of kidney disease, diabetes accounts for almost 42% of all cases. Also, people suffering from diabetes have up to 40% chance of getting kidney disease and it can also increase in case of poor blood sugar control. It is very important to follow certain habits to combat the risk of kidney disease in diabetics,” says Dr. Tarun Jeloka, Consultant – Nephrology and Transplantation, Manipal Hospitals, Baner-Pune.
Dr. Jeloka shares habits to improve kidney health in people with diabetes.
1. Blood sugar control
Strict control of blood glucose (BG) reduces the risk of kidney disease and prevents the progression of existing kidney disease. BG must be controlled through a combination of diet, exercise, and medications. Diabetic patients are advised to periodically check their BG at home and try to keep their HBA1c below 7.
2. Blood pressure check
Many diabetics also develop high blood pressure (BP), which increases the risk of kidney disease, and good blood pressure control can reduce the risk in diabetics. One should aim to keep blood pressure below 130/80.
3. Abstain from tobacco
Consumption of tobacco in any form not only increases the risk of heart disease, but also causes kidney disease. It is highly recommended to avoid this at all costs.
4. Lifestyle changes
Regular exercise, low salt intake (
In addition to the above measures, all diabetic patients should be offered two groups of drugs that have been shown to help prevent or control kidney disease unless contraindicated: RAAS blockers and SGLT2 inhibitors.
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